Penzance is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and Incorporated in 1614, it has a population of 21,168 people and is currently Penwith's principal town. Situated in the shelter of the Mount's Bay, the town faces southeast onto the English Channel, is bordered to the west by the fishing port of Newlyn and stretches towards the small town of Marazion in the east. The town's location gives it a subtropical climate that is warmer than most of the rest of Britain. Although the first historical mention of Penzance (as a place for landing fish) was in 1322, the town was, until fairly recently, overshadowed by its near-neighbour Marazion. (Marazion was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1088 and is the oldest chartered town in Britain, having been granted this status by King Henry III in 1257.) In medieval times and later Penzance was subject to frequent raiding by Barbary pirates. The name of one of Penzance's oldest buildings 'The Turk's Head' pub is said to be a reference to these incidents, however there is no written evidence to this effect.